Time Prophecies

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2520 And the Interpretation of Daniel 8:13

Please consider the following video showing the “seven times” of Leviticus 26 to be fulfilled as respective periods of duration 2,520 literal years in which both houses of God’s people were “trodden under foot” by enemies.

 

As we have noted in the previous tab, the second half of Daniel 8:13 is a profound question asked presumably by Gabriel: “How long [shall be] the vision [concerning] the daily [sacrifice,] and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?” Gabriel knows that there is a chazon (translated “vision”) which concerns both “the daily,” which is paganism, and the “transgression of desolation” which is papalism. In the video, we noted that the period from 723 B.C. until 1798 A.D. was the 2,520-year period (or “seven times”) in which the House of Israel was “trodden under foot,” first by the “daily” for 1,260 years, and then by the “transgression of desolation” for the last half (“time, times, and the dividing of time” = 3.5 “times”) of the “seven times.”

Cleary then, the chazon (“vision”) which Gabriel asks about in Daniel 8:13 is the 2520 curse-period, specifically the 2520 curse applied to the House of Israel. Gabriel asks the “One Saint” or First Angel a question “How long…” for which we see the answer to be, until the time of the end, until 1798 A.D.

In verse 14, the Wonderful Numberer, does not answer Gabriel’s question but says to Daniel quite out of the blue, “Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.”

2300 and the Interpretation of Daniel 8:10 – 9:24

If “the daily” is believed to be Christ’s ministry in the heavenly sanctuary, as is commonly taught in Seventh-day Adventism today, and the hasty reader does not distinguish between the two Hebrew words interpreted “vision” in the same passage, then what follows will be the natural interpretation:

[10] And Papal Rome waxed great, even to the hosts of heaven; and she cast down some of God’s people and ministers to the ground, and stamped upon them. [11] Yea, Papal Rome magnified herself even to Jesus Christ (ministering in the heavenly sanctuary), and by the church’s priestly activities was Christ’s ministry in the heavenly sanctuary taken away, and the place of Christ’s sanctuary (in Christianity’s eyes) was cast aside. [12] And an host (of priests) was given the Catholic Church against Christ’s ministry in the heavenly sanctuary by reason of transgression, and the Papacy cast down the truth to the ground; and it practiced, and prospered. [13] Then I heard the One Saint speaking, and another saint said unto that Certain which spake, “How long shall be the vision concerning Christ’s heavenly ministry and papalism, to give both Christ’s sanctuary in heaven and His people on earth to be trodden under foot?” [14] And he said unto me, “After 2300 years, then shall the heavenly sanctuary be cleansed (restored to its rightful place).”

[Norman R. Gulley reiterated the belief of most SDA scholars and theologians today when he wrote, “In Daniel 8:13, 14 a question and answer are given. ‘How long will the rebellion against the daily ministry of Christ in heaven’s sanctuary continue? When will the desolating work be checked?’ ‘It will take 2,300 evenings and mornings and then the heavenly sanctuary will be cleansed by being restored to its rightful place.’” (Satan’s Trojan Horse: God’s End-time Victory, 122) Clearly, Gulley sees Daniel 8:11-14 according to the interpretation we have given above.]

Conclusion: there is no need to look for a commencement date for the 2300 days in Daniel 9; the period brought to view in Daniel 8:14 is clearly the duration of the rebellion against the daily ministry of Christ in heaven’s sanctuary by papalism. This rebellion could not have begun before 31 AD because Jesus did not enter into His ministry in the heavenly sanctuary before then. Daniel 8:13 strongly implies that the 2300 begins with the empowerment of papalism in 538 AD. It cannot end before 2331 AD and will likely end in 2838 AD. Seventh-day Adventism is a sham and Ellen White is a false prophet.

On the other hand…

If “the daily” is interpreted to mean “paganism” and the careful reader distinguishes between the two words – chazon and mareh – interpreted “vision,” then what follows will be the natural interpretation one of the most foundational passages of Seventh-day Adventism.

[10] And Papal Rome waxed great, even to the hosts of heaven; and she cast down some of God’s people and ministers to the ground, and stamped upon them. [11] Yea, Pagan Rome magnified himself even to Jesus Christ (crucifixion), and by pagan Rome was paganism taken away, and the city of Rome was cast aside. [12] And an army was given the Catholic Church against paganism by reason of transgression, and the Papacy cast down the truth to the ground; and it practiced, and prospered. [13] Then I heard the First Angel speaking, and another angel said unto the Wonderful Numberer which spake, “How long shall be the chazon-vision (2520) concerning paganism and papalism and how they tread under foot Jerusalem, and God’s people?” [14] And the First Angel said unto me (Daniel), “After 2300 years, then shall the heavenly sanctuary be cleansed. [15] And it came to pass, when I, even I Daniel, had seen the chazon-vision (2520), and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood before me the Wonderful Numberer. [16] And I heard His voice between the banks of Ulai, which called, and said, “Gabriel, make this man to understand the mareh-vision (2300).” [17] So Gabriel came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, “Understand, O son of man: for in 1798 the chazon-vision (2520) ends. [18] Now as he was speaking with me, I was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground: but he touched me, and set me upright. [19] And he said, “Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the 2520, that is, in 1844: for at the time appointed the end shall be. [20-25] {Explanation of details within the chazon-vision (2520)}. [26] And the mareh-vision of the 2300 evenings and mornings which was told is true: wherefore shut thou up the chazon-vision (2520); for it shall be for many days. [27] And I Daniel fainted, and was sick certain days; afterward I rose up, and did the king’s business; and I was astonished at the mareh-vision (2300), but none understood it. [9:1-20] {Prayer of Daniel} [21] Yea, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the chazon-vision (2520) at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation. [22] And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am come to shew thee; for thou art greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the mareh-vision (2300). [24] Seventy weeks are determined…

Conclusion: the chazon-vision (2520) ends in 1798 and the mareh-vision (2300) commences with the “seventy weeks” and ends in 1844.

490 and the Interpretation of Daniel 9:24-27

Let’s briefly consider each verse of Daniel 9:24-27.

In verse 24, Gabriel explains that 70 weeks (490 years) are cut out of history especially for Daniel’s people and Jerusalem. The six-fold purpose of these weeks is given:

  1. To restrict transgression (by Jesus’ earthly example and teachings)

  2. Seal up sins (on the night before the crucifixion in the body of Christ)

  3. Make an atonement for sins (when Christ cried “It is finished” and died heartbroken)

  4. Bring in everlasting righteousness (Christ rose from the dead, so any victory is possible)

  5. Seal up the vision and prophecy (among the disciples during Jesus’ last 40 days on earth)

  6. Anoint the most Holy (for His work as our Heavenly high priest just before Pentecost).

Just as six is a number representing the human, so a Man, the Hero of mankind, fully satisfied the six-part reason for the 70 weeks.

Verse 25 begins with a command to know and understand. It is especially important that we know the meaning of what follows.

From the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince [shall be] seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.

The “commandment” predicted here was that given by Artaxerxes, king of Persia, in 457 BC to Ezra commissioning himself and company to go to Jerusalem for the purpose of rebuilding (Ezra 7:12-26). During the 7 prophetic weeks (49 years) which followed, Nehemiah and company completed the restoration of the streets and walls of Jerusalem “even in troublous times” and the last Old Testament prophet, Malachi, wrote his inspired book. Then commenced the long wait of 62 prophetic weeks (434 years) until “Messiah the Prince” was revealed to Israel at his Jordan baptism (27 AD).

The two main points of verse 25 are 1) the 70-week and 2300-day prophecies both begin together in 457 BC, and 2) Messiah the Prince would be revealed in 27 AD.

The story continues in verse 26. “And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself…” In other words, after His baptism at the end of the 62 weeks (no mention of how long after is here made), Jesus would be crucified but not for his own sins. “And the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary…” Here we see pagan Rome treading under foot Jerusalem and the Temple in 70 AD. “And the end thereof [shall be] with a flood…” The end or latter phase of that great power to arise would be papal Rome, prophetically represented as a flood (Isaiah 59:19, Revelation 12:15). “And unto the end of the war desolations are determined.” Daniel 9:26 ends by stating that desolations (plural) would be present until the end of the Great Controversy.

In the previous tab we showed that both pagan and papal Rome are properly called the “abomination of desolation.” Both are desolations. Ultimately, the devil stands directly behind them. Indeed, the respective symbols used for Satan and pagan Rome are in some passages indistinguishable (Revelation 12:1-4).

“Desolations are determined” – the earth would witness the red dragon of pagan Rome, then the beast of papal Rome, then the dragon and his angels on a desolate earth for 1000 years, and finally “the end of the war.”

Let us now examine the final verse of Daniel 9. Having suddenly taken the prophet-statesman through history to the end of the Great Controversy, Gabriel directs Daniel’s thoughts back to the last week of the 70.

“And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week…,” that is from 27 – 34 AD. “And in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease…” Precisely in the middle of this 7-year period, “shall Messiah be cut off.” By dying “not for himself” (verse 26) but for all humanity, Jesus became the Sacrifice and the Oblation offered once (Hebrews 9:28). Need of symbols for His sacrifice then ceased.

The last week of the 70 begins and ends with symbolic witnesses of what actually took place at the week’s center – the death of Christ. The Messiah’s baptism in 27 AD represented His death and burial (Romans 6:4, Colossians 2:12), and in 34 AD, Christ’s death was pictured as Stephen died repeating the prayer Christ prayed as He was nailed to the cross. (Luke 23:33-34, Acts 7:60).

“And for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.” We would point out that in rendering the Hebrew as such, translators added explanatory words without having a post-1798 perspective on the prophecies of Daniel.

A look at the original Hebrew reveals that the phrase may be interpreted, “Then: upon the wings of the abomination of desolation until its utter end when that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.” After Christ’s death, history would ride on the wings of Rome until the “end of the war” (verse 26) at which time “that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.”

1260, 1290, and 1335

Speaking of the abomination of desolation…

And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time. Daniel 7:25.

The pronoun “he” here clearly refers to the Papacy. Daniel 7:25 is the first passage in the Bible referring directly to the 1260 years of papal oppression. It gives the essentials of what we need to know about this important period.

The same period of 1260 years, extending from the empowerment of the papacy in 538 to the capture of the pope in 1798, is referred to seven times in the Bible: “time and times and the dividing of time,”  [Daniel 7:25] “time, times, and an half,” [Daniel 12:7] “forty [and] two months,” [Revelation 11:2], “a thousand two hundred [and] threescore days,” [Revelation 11:3] “a thousand two hundred [and] threescore days,” [Revelation 12:6] “time, and times, and half a time,” [Revelation 12:14],” “forty [and] two months,” [Revelation 13:5]. In the Bible, prophecies speak in numerous ways and places concerning the power of paganism which was to tread Israel underfoot; however, Inspiration did not fail to thoroughly disclose and describe the papacy and its Dark Ages as well.

The 1290 and 1335 are periods mentioned only in the following two verses.

And from the time that the daily [sacrifice] shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, [there shall be] a thousand two hundred and ninety days. Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days. Daniel 12:11-12.

“And from the time that that daily [sacrifice] shall be taken away…” – clearly the 1290 begins with the elimination of united pagan resistance to the rise of the papacy. When we read of the 1335 we are given no other information concerning a commencement date for this period, thus it must begin with the 1290.

Consider the “Explanation of the Time” box in the lower, right-hand corner of the 1850 Chart. Early Adventists marked 508-509 to be the period in which the daily was taken away (The Jewish  year began later than January 1; the Jewish year in which the united power of paganism was fully broken extended into what the Gregorian calendar calls 509 AD). 1290 years brought them to 1798-1799. 1335 years brought them to 1843-1844, the time of the Millerites first disappointment.

When the year 1843 passed without the coming of Jesus, the Millerite Movement was deeply disappointed, that is, when God’s people came to the end of the 1335 days, they were disappointed. At this time the faithful learned to rest upon the promise of Habakkuk 2:2 – “For the vision is yet for an appointed time, but at the end it shall speak, and not lie: though it tarry, wait for it; because it will surely come, it will not tarry.” These faithful Millerites could also have received encouragement from the 1335 prophecy of Daniel 12:12 – “Blessed is he that waiteth” when he comes to the end of the 1335-period, when he comes to the first disappointment.

We note that if “the daily [sacrifice]” is interpreted to be Christ’s ministry in the heavenly sanctuary, then the 1290 and 1335 should be interpreted to commence in 538-539 with the empowerment of the papacy. Then they would end in 1829 and 1874…clearly a problem as these years were anything but noteworthy.

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